How to get rid of fleas | All Guard Pest Control
What are fleas
The term "flea" refers to wingless insects with mouthparts designed for piercing skin and sucking blood, which are classified as Siphonaptera.
Fleas are external parasites that feed on the blood of mammals and birds, including humans. Fleas were once assumed to have originated from flies (Diptera) based on larval similarities.
It's now more certain that they're related to the flightless snow scorpion-flies of the Boreidae family. Fleas are found in about 2000 species over the world, with the number of local species unknown.
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HOW TO GET RID OF FLEAS. Fleas can be kept at bay by periodically bathing the host animal in a residual flea shampoo or rinse, such as "Saint Bernard Flea Shampoo" or "Permoxin." The insecticide Permethrin, a synthetic pyrethroid, is present in these shampoos.
Other organophosphate-based shampoos and rinses, such as "Gamma-wash" and "Mala-wash," are available (Diazinon & Maldison as the active ingredient). These are persistent insecticides, which are less odorous but far more harmful, and fleas are developing chemical resistance to them. Bathing should be done every 2 weeks to 1 month in the summer and less frequently in the winter.
Flea breeding can occur when bathing is not done on a regular basis or when the animal is brought to an environment with a present flea infestation. When fleas lay eggs in the host's fur, some of the eggs fall to the ground or onto the carpet and bedding where the dogs generally live.
The following preparations should be made to effectively control fleas:
All children and dogs should be kept out of the spraying zones.
All loose items should be removed from the ground and floor.
If it is a hot day, the lawns should be mowed and dry areas should be hosed. (This helps avoid the insecticide from evaporating too rapidly by allowing the flea eggs to float to the surface.)
Prior to treatment, vacuum the carpet thoroughly, giving special attention to skirting board areas and underneath furniture and sofa cushions.
(This is where the larva and rubbed-off skin live.) Vacuum bags will either be treated with fly spray or thrown away.
PETS ARE PROHIBITED FROM ACCESSING THE SUB-FLOOR AREA.
Pets and people should be kept as far away from contaminated regions as possible. In some circumstances, this will have to be for at least one month. (It is a warranty requirement that this be done.) Yes, it's that important!)
Pet bedding should be washed thoroughly or thrown.
In severe infestations, an Insect Growth Regulator (I.G.R.) tablet added to the pet's diet may be utilised. (Vets can get this on prescription under the brand name "Programme.") A systemic type of control, known as "Pro-ban," is another tablet-based control mechanism.
Finally, as soon as possible after the treatment, the pet should be cleansed with a residual flea rinse or shampoo, such as "St. Bernard Flea Shampoo," or, in the case of cats, a residual flea powder. This should be done on a regular basis, preferably every two weeks in the summer and once a month or less in the winter.
Taking these basic precautions can ensure that your home is clear of flea infestation. Although very good outcomes will occur roughly one month following treatment if these measures, as mentioned above, are followed, success will not happen overnight.
DID YOU KNOW
The Black Death, which killed millions of people in Europe during the Middle Ages due to a flea species that was abundant on Black Rats and acted as a vector for the bacteria Yersinia pestis, is a well-known example.
Where are fleas found?
Fleas are found in Australia in about 70-80 species, with the cat and dog fleas being the most frequent. They range in length from 1-6mm and are black or brown in colour. Cat fleas are significantly more frequent than dog fleas, and this parasite can be found on both dogs and cats. "Grass fleas" or "sand fleas" are terms that are frequently used. It is a common misconception that fleas only survive in grass or sand. It's mainly cat fleas that have been left on the ground by their pet. Fleas are all blood-sucking parasites that require a living host to survive.
Fleas are wingless insects with a hairy body and hooks on their legs that allow them to travel freely through and cling onto their hosts' fur. They have extremely powerful hind legs with rubbery resilin in their joints. They are hurled into the air by as much as 20cm up and 35cm horizontally when they compress and release these legs, which is 150 times their own length! That's akin to a person leaping off Ayres Rock.
CYCLE OF LIFE:
In a single day, a female flea can lay up to 25 eggs, and over 800 in her lifetime. The larvae hatch between 5 and 14 days after the eggs hatch. These creatures are blind and legless, and they feed on organic stuff such as the host's dried blood. The larvae are completely grown after 2 to 3 weeks, spin a silk cocoon, and pupate. When a trigger such as vibration or heat is detected, the pupa transforms into an adult. This can take anywhere from two to three weeks to over a year. This explains why when individuals return home from vacation and enter their homes, they are swarmed by fleas. A mature flea can go for up to 4 months without feeding on blood.
The rear legs of a flea are especially long, allowing them to jump vertically up to 18 cm and horizontally up to 33 cm on average. This is over 200 times its own body length, making the flea (second only to the froghopper) one of the finest jumps of all known creatures (in terms of body size).
Their bodies are squashed laterally, allowing them to pass easily through the hairs or feathers on the host's body (or in the case of humans, under clothing). The flea's body is hard, polished, and covered in numerous hairs and short spines that point backwards to help it navigate around the host.
The robust body can withstand a lot of pressure, which is probably an adaptation to survive attacks like mashing and scratching. Even squeezing a flea between your fingers is usually insufficient to kill it.
When a flea reaches adulthood, its main purpose is to find blood because adult fleas can only eat blood. Adult fleas have about a week to locate food after emerging, however, they can go anywhere from two months to a year without eating. A flea population is dispersed unevenly, with 50 percent eggs, 35 percent larvae, 10 percent pupae, and 5% adults.
Their entire life cycle can take as little as two weeks, but if conditions are favourable, it can take months. Female fleas can lay up to 500 eggs during their lifetime. Rabbit Fleas (Spilopsyllus cuniculi) Bergud tal-Fniek (Spilopsyllus cuniculi) Bergud tal-Fniek (Spilopsyllus cuniculi) Bergud tal-Fniek (Spilopsyllus cu Fleas infest dogs, cats, mice, chickens, rabbits, squirrels, rats, ferrets, and humans, among other warm-blooded animals.
Cat Flea (Ctenocephalides felis) Bergud tal-States is the most frequent species. The domestic cat is the principal host of this species, but it is also the primary flea that infests dogs around the world. The cat flea can also maintain its life cycle on rabbits, rats, ruminants, and people, however, these unusual hosts cannot support a population of cat fleas.
The Dog Flea (Ctenocephalides canis) Bergud tal-Klieb is extremely similar to the cat flea in terms of habits, however, it is more common in Europe. The Human Flea (Pulex irritans) Bergud tal-Bniedem, on the other hand, is a worldwide flea species with a wide host spectrum, despite its common name. Aside from the troubles that the creature causes, fleas can also operate as a disease vector.
How did I get fleas?
Stray cats are a large source of spreading Fleas as they have no boundaries. Wondering in and out of many properties and homes without being kept in specific areas. Many commercial properties have stray animals that can be a common cause of flea transfer. Fleas may hop onto your pets’ fur from another infected pet or from infested dirt or grass outside.
Fleas like to stay on an animal's underbelly and thus can easily be transferred to your carpet when your pet lies down.